Oral and Dental Health Resourse Centre

TMJ/TMD: Temporomandibulär dysfunktion


Vad är temporomandibulär dysfunktion (TMD)?

TMD, eller temporomandibulär dysfunktion, innebär att leden som kopplar samman den övre och den nedre käken inte fungerar som den ska. Denna led är en av de mest komplexa lederna i kroppen och ser till att den nedre käken kan röra sig framåt, bakåt och i sidled. Alla problem som hindrar detta komplexa system av muskler, ligament, skivor och ben att fungera som de ska kallas TMD. Ofta känns TMD som att käken knakar eller klickar till, eller till och med ”fastnar” en stund. Det är ofta omöjligt att fastställa den exakta orsaken till att leden snedställts. Läs artikeln "Vad är temporomandibulär dysfunktion (TMD)?"

Temporomandibular Disorder Basics

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) may be one of the most controversial topics in dentistry today. This is because dentists and physicians don't have a clear understanding of what causes it and how to prevent it. Läs artikeln "Temporomandibular Disorder Basics"

Dislocation of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ), just in front of the lower ear, is the joint that allows the lower jaw to move. Occasionally, the TMJ can dislocate and lock in an open position. This happens when the joint opens widely and the ball of the jaw joint gets stuck out of place. Läs artikeln "Dislocation of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)"

Treatment For TMD

Just as there are no established guidelines for diagnosing TMD, there also is no single best treatment. Most experts agree, however, that conservative, nonsurgical therapy is the right way to begin. Surgery and other invasive treatment, such as injections, can create more problems and are best left as a last resort. Läs artikeln "Treatment For TMD"

Is It Your Jaw?: A Symptoms Checklist For TMD

Temporomandibular disorders can cause a number of symptoms that can mimic other diseases. Do you notice clicking or popping when you open your mouth? Is it difficult or painful to open your mouth? Does your jaw intermittently lock? If so, you should see your dentist for an examination and evaluation. You may have a temporomandibular disorder (TMD) — any one of a number of problems involving the chewing muscles, the jaw joint (called the temporomandibular joint or TMJ) or both. Läs artikeln "Is It Your Jaw?: A Symptoms Checklist For TMD"

Tempormandibular Disorders

You may have read articles in newspapers and magazines about "TMD" -- temporomandibular (jaw) disorders, also called "TMJ syndrome." Perhaps you have even felt pain sometimes in your jaw area, or maybe your dentist or physician has told you that you have TMD. Läs artikeln "Tempormandibular Disorders"

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